Tamil Blog

Tuesday, 22 September 2020

Regeneration of Cartilage

Cartilage acts as a kind of connective tissue in our body. The unique structure of cartilage makes it a flexible tissue but it is also very strong. It helps in keeping the motion of joints smooth as it coats the bone surfaces and acts as a cushion against force or impact. There are three types of cartilage in the body-elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage. 

What causes damage to cartilage?

An injury or regular wear and tear can cause damage to cartilage tissues. If not treated timely, the damage can lead to arthritis. Unlike other tissues, cartilage doesn’t have a supply of blood and due to this, the damage that is done to cartilage cannot be repaired by the body.

How does the Regeneration of Cartilage work?

Once we reach adulthood, the repair of cartilage doesn’t work very well within the body, thankfully medical innovations have led to the regeneration of cartilage outside the body. In this process, rather than making use of an artificial implant, a natural way of healing the cartilage by using the cells of the patient is adopted. This can greatly help in regaining the normal function of the affected joint. Cultured cells are grown in a medical lab and are then injected with the aim to replace the dysfunctional or unhealthy cells.

How is the Regeneration of Cartilage done?

Small cuts or incisions are made in the bone to extract cartilage biopsy from a portion that may be considered a little less important. The procedure is generally conducted through arthroscopy. The extracted cartilage is sent to the lab where cells that match the size are constructed. This takes a few weeks. Once the cultured cells are ready, they are implanted through a small incision. 

What to expect after the procedure?

After the successful implant of cartilage, a routine programme of rehabilitation is followed. Most patients can resume their everyday activities within 2 months. However, the doctor would be the best judge and the given instructions must be followed strictly. 

Regeneration of cartilage is a process that involves a low risk of infection or disease transmission as there is no foreign material that goes inside. It can greatly help in preventing the progression of osteoarthritis which can further avert the need for a joint replacement.

Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam
Mail Us : info.chennaiortho.com@gmail.com
Book Your Appointment Here : chennaiorthopaedics.com/book-appointment

Wednesday, 22 July 2020

Five common knee injuries

The human knee is the largest and the most complex joint in the human body. It also happens to be the most vulnerable and heavily used one too, and hence, more prone to injuries. 

 Knee Injury

Problems of the knee can be either injury, mechanical problems, arthritis of various types and problems caused by other health issues. Knee injuries often involve damage to the various components that make up the joint, like the bone and muscles, cartilage, tendons and ligaments.

Five of the most common knee injuries are:
  1. Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) injuries: this is one of the four ligaments connecting the thigh and the shin bones and an injury is when a tear appears in the ligament, weakening it. This is a very common sports injury and happens when a sudden and violent change of direction of movement occurs.
  2. Tearing of the Meniscus: the meniscus is a piece of cartilage that acts as a cushion or shock absorber between the thigh and shin bones. It is tough rubbery cartilage, and if the knee is suddenly twisted when weight is put on it, it can be torn or damaged. 
  3. Fractures: as the bones of the knee, including the knee cap, are among the most exposed bones in the body, they can be easily damaged or fractured, if any short, sharp force is applied to them, like a fall or a hard bump into a harder surface. This is worse for people with osteoporosis, a condition where the bone is weak and brittle, as a fracture can occur for seemingly no reason at all.
  4. Bursitis: The bursae are small liquid-filled bags that cushion the muscles, tendons and bones near the various joints. Bursitis is when the bursae become inflamed due to another injury in the same area.
  5. Tendinitis / Tendonitis or in our case Patellar Tendinitis: Tendinitis is a condition where one or more of the tendons, the thick fibrous tissue attaching the bones to the muscles, become irritated and inflamed. The patellar tendon is the one which connects the muscles on the front of the thigh to the shin bone. This too is a very common sports injury.
 Knee Injury

Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam
Mail Us : info.chennaiortho.com@gmail.com
Book Your Appointment Here : chennaiorthopaedics.com/book-appointment

Friday, 13 March 2020

Knee Replacement for your better Mobility

The joints of our body are critical for our movement and everyday activities, and among them the knee joint is one of the strongest and most important. Wear and tear, illness, or injury can damage the cartilage around your knee joint and hinder your movement.  

 Total knee replacement

Total knee replacement surgery or knee arthroplasty should be considered for those patients whose knee joints have been damaged by either progressive arthritis, trauma, or other rare destructive diseases of the joint. Such patients suffer from severe knee pain, swelling and even bowing of the leg which in turn limits the everyday activities. During knee replacement surgery, the surgeon takes damaged cartilage and a part of the bone out of the knee joint and replaces them with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics and polymers. A plastic spacer is placed between the prosthesis which ensures smooth movement of the new joint. 

Patients should have a discussion with an expert doctor on the risks and benefits before making decision about knee replacement. Post surgery, it is recommended to be active by moving around your house, taking walks, and doing the exercises as suggested by your physical therapist as too much rest can slow your recovery down. You can expect long-lasting results by following your doctor's guidelines as most knee replacements have good prognosis and lasts for an average of 20 years.

Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam
Mail Us : info.chennaiortho.com@gmail.com
Book Your Appointment Here : chennaiorthopaedics.com/book-appointment

Tuesday, 10 December 2019

Time to restore the stability

Shoulder instability is a condition with a loose shoulder joint that shifts around the socket after some injury or damage. Sudden dislocation, slipping would lead to severe pain and inflammation in the shoulder joints. This is associated with shoulder instability. Athletes or sportspeople are often faced with shoulder instability.

Shoulder Instability

Usually, shoulder instability can be treated with physical therapy, essential medication, and rehabilitation. However, for severe conditions, the doctor would recommend surgical management to treat shoulder instability. The surgery would differ based on the patient’s condition and focuses on tightening the shoulder ligaments that are loose.

Normally, the surgery depends on the condition or the severity of the patient’s shoulder. The surgeries would include arthroscopy, capsule shift surgery, bankart repair surgery, and latarjet surgical procedure. The doctor uses an arthroscope to identify and resolve shoulder instability.

The recovery period after surgery

Any surgery would require certain painkillers or relievers for a few days. These medications can treat the pain and provide the necessary comfort for the shoulder. The doctor would advise a sling for 5 days and would be asked to extend the period based on the patient’s condition.

Depending on the patient’s condition and the surgery performed, the doctor will recommend physical therapy after 5 days. This physical therapy is performed so as to strengthen the muscles, restore flexibility, and to strengthen the shoulders. The exercises would vary from resistance to strengthening so that the shoulder gets stabilized.

In the first 4-6 weeks, limits on the range of motion will be used to protect the repair. It is recommended to drive only after the first 6 weeks or when the sling is taken. However, heavy lifting and strenuous activities need to be avoided until 12 weeks. Sportspeople and athletes should avoid weightlifting for a minimum period of 16 weeks or as per doctor’s advice. Sports physical therapists could suggest exercises that would prevent injuries in the long run and help maximize performance.

To avoid re-injury and stabilize the shoulder, the doctor would recommend certain tips for the betterment of the shoulder. Ice packs can be used to treat pain and swelling. It is recommended to apply an ice pack daily for 15-20 minutes for a few days. With this and other physical therapies, the shoulder joint will not get stiff. The recovery period will vary based on the shoulder damage, however, the full recovery would definitely take several months.


Mail Us : info.chennaiortho.com@gmail.com
Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam

Sunday, 20 October 2019

Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty

Difficulty in shoulder movements can be challenging for day-to-day activities. Treating all pains and shoulder problems is not a challenge anymore. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty can be one of the treatments for shoulder arthritis. This is a procedure in which the normal ball and socket relationship of the glenohumeral joint is reversed, creating a more stable joint. 

Surgical procedure 

The surgical procedure can vary depending on the patient’s needs and the surgeon’s preferences. Before the surgery, the patient would be either given general anesthesia (will put the patient to sleep) or regional anesthesia (only the required area is numb).

The surgeon removes the affected or damaged bone and replaces the area with new components with the help of a prosthesis to restore the functioning of the shoulder. The components include a metal ball that is screwed into the shoulder socket and a plastic cup that is placed on the upper arm bone. This surgery will take approximately 2 hours.

Who should be treated?

Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty will be suggested for patients with the following signs or symptoms: 
  • Torn rotator cuff which cannot be repaired
  • Unsuccessful shoulder surgery during the past
  • Complex fracture in the shoulder joint 
  • Severe shoulder pain and difficulty with the shoulder movement 
  • Shoulder dislocation 
  • Tumour in shoulder joint 

If any surgeries, treatments, and physical therapy could not improve the problems with the shoulder, then consult a doctor.

Outcomes of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

 With the help of an expert doctor, the shoulders can restore its comfort and stability as usual. The shoulder can return to the regular lifestyle slowly. There are more results once the surgery is completed, such as 
  • Lessens pain
  • Improves shoulder movement
  • Ability to sleep on the affected shoulder 
  • Ability to perform the daily activities with the affected shoulder 
  • Complications related to the surgery 

 If the patient is not examined correctly, there could be minor risks associated with the surgery: 
  • Infections
  • Bleeding
  • Nerve damage 
  • Pain 
  • Injury to blood vessels 
  • Dislocation 
  • Fracture 
  • Need for additional surgery 

Tips during the recovery period

For a speedy recovery and comfort after the surgery, follow the below measures:  

  • Mandatorily use the medications prescribed by the doctor 
  • Avoid drinking & smoking while under medication
  • Remain in the hospital for a few days after surgery for recovery treatments
  • Advised limited use of the shoulder for a month 
  • Minimal exercises for the shoulder or as instructed by the surgeon 
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects 
  • Avoid sports activities 
  • Minimal movements until the sling is removed 

Usually, the patient can return to the ordinary or the regular lifestyle after 6 weeks of surgery. Rehabilitation and physical therapy is a must for a speedy recovery and comfort of the patient. 

Shoulder injuries are minimal, but severe damage needs to be treated at the appropriate time. The surgeries are cost-effective; hence, the process should not be delayed. At Chennai Orthopaedics, doctors provide the required guidelines and suggest the appropriate surgery for shoulder related issues or damages.

Mail Us : info.chennaiortho.com@gmail.com
Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam

Thursday, 26 September 2019

All About Shoulder Bone Cancer and Tumors

The human shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body that provides mobility and a wide range of motion to the upper extremity. Shoulder bone tumors can occur when the cells of the bone divide abnormally and uncontrollably forming a mass or lump of tissues. Mostly shoulder bone cancers are secondary forms of tumors that develop else where in the body and spread to the bone in comparison with primary tumors that develop in the cells of the bone. 

shoulder pain care chennai

  Types Of Bone Tumors


Apart from primary and secondary, tumors can either be benign or malignant. Tumors that do not spread to the other parts of the body and are not life-threating are known are benign tumors. Malignant tumors are cancerous and can spread cancer cells throughout the body.

1. Primary Benign Tumors


These kinds of tumors are non-cancerous.they require immediate treatment and surgery before they grow and compress the surrounding healthy tissues. Different types of benign tumors are
  • Osteochondromas - It is the most common type of tumor that accounts for 35% of all benign tumors. It is the overgrowth of cartilage and bone near the growth plate. This condition is often seen in adolescents and teenagers that affect femur, tibia, and humerus.
  • Giant Cell Tumors – It is a relatively uncommon tumor of the bone that occurs in adults. They develop at the lower end of the femur or upper end of the tibia
  • Enchondroma – It is a cartilage cyst that grows inside the bone marrow. It affects the bones in the hands and feet as well as the long bones of the arm and thigh.
  • Fibrous Dysplasia – It is an uncommon gene mutation in which scar-like (fibrous) tissue develops in place of normal bone. This condition makes the weaken bone vulnerable to fracture.

2. Primary Malignant Tumors

Most common type of malignant bone tumors are
  • Osteosarcoma – It is the second most type of bone cancer that develops in shoulders, hips, and knee. It mostly occurs in teenagers and younger adults. It is more common in females than males
  • Chondrosarcoma – It occurs mainly in middle-aged and older adults that develop in the cartilage of hip, shoulder, and pelvis.
  • Ewing Tumor – It usually occurs in patients of age group 5-20 years. The commonly affected locations are pelvis, upper arm, ribs, upper and lower leg.

shoulder tumor treatment chennai

  Secondary Bone Cancer


Multiple myeloma is the most common type of secondary bone cancer that starts in the bone marrow. It nearly affects 20 million people every year that mostly involve adults in the age group 50-70 years. The other type of cancers that can affect the bone include breast, lung, kidney, thyroid, and prostate.



The treatment options available for bone tumors are either surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy based on the size and stage of cancer. Limb Salvage surgery is the most preferred procedure to remove cancer cells either from arm or leg. In this procedure, the cancerous bone will be replaced with a metal prosthesis.

If you are in search of best orthopedic surgeon to treat your bone disorders consult Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam at Chennai Orthopaedics.


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Mail Us : info.chennaiortho.com@gmail.com
Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam
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Monday, 15 July 2019

Is Arthroscopy A Major Surgical Procedure?

Arthroscopy is a popular surgical procedure that doctors use to diagnose, look at, and treat issues inside a joint like shoulder joint or knee joints. The outcome and the effectiveness of the surgery are surely major but it is a minimally surgical procedure. Arthroscopic surgery can do wonders for patients who don’t want to go for painful surgery.

Arthroscopy is recommended by doctors in case of joint inflammation, joint injuries or damaged tissues over time. Arthroscopy can be done on any joints like hip, wrist, knee and shoulder joints.

Arthroscopy surgery chennai


Arthroscopy surgery procedure is quite simple and is an outpatient procedure. The patient is first given anesthesia depending on the joint and its conditions. The doctor inserts a special and thin instrument through a very minute small incision on the body. The tool that is used to conduct the procedure is known as an arthroscope which has a camera lens and a light attached to it. This instrument allows the doctor to look inside. The attached camera helps in projecting images of the site onto a screen which is monitored by the doctor.

The doctor thus looks into the joint’s condition, diagnoses the problem, and thus decides the type of surgery the patient needs. In case of requirement of surgery, the doctor inserts special tools through several other small incisions known as portals and conducts the required procedure.

After the surgery the arthroscope and any other attachments are removed and the wounds are closed with stitches or special tapes.


The surgery can be followed by a little pain and the doctor can prescribe some medicines in such cases. The surgery reduces joint pains and stiffness and the recovery time is minimal. Certain activities need to be avoided, after the surgery, and it may take a few weeks or months to get back to normalcy.

Complications are rare

Although complications are rare, if you experience any sort of complications after an arthroscopic surgery you must consult a doctor immediately.

Complications can have symptoms as follows:

  • Fever
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Severe swelling
  • Pain that gets worse
  • Discolored fluid seeping from a wound

Mail Us : info.chennaiortho.com@gmail.com
Blog Reviewed By: Dr. Bharani Kumar Dayanandam
Book Your Appointment Here : chennaiorthopaedics.com/book-appointment 

Regeneration of Cartilage

Cartilage acts as a kind of connective tissue in our body. The unique structure of cartilage makes it a flexible tissue but it is also very ...